Eating a well-balanced diet is especially important after liver transplant to help you recover and keep you healthy.
Your transplant team includes a nutrition specialist (dietitian) who can discuss your nutrition and diet needs and answer any questions you have after your transplant.
In general, your diet after liver transplant should be low in salt, cholesterol, fat and sugar.
To prevent damaging your new liver, it’s important to avoid alcohol. Do not drink alcoholic beverages or use alcohol in cooking.
Your dietitian will also provide you with several healthy food options and ideas to use in your nutrition plan. Your dietitian’s recommendations after kidney transplant may include these steps:
Eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables each day .
Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice, pomegranates, or Seville oranges due to their effect on a group of immunosuppression medications (calcineurin inhibitors)Have enough fiber in your daily diet. Choose whole grain foods over processed ones. Drink low-fat or fat-free dairy products, which is important to maintain optimal calcium and phosphorus levels. Eat lean meats, poultry and fish. Follow food safety guidelines. Stay hydrated by drinking adequate water and other fluids each day
Exercise and physical activity should be a regular part of your life after a liver transplant to continue improving your overall physical and mental health.
While you are in the hospital, physical therapist will teach you exercises to help you recover and avoid complications. The physical therapist can also talk with you about finding an appropriate exercise program to follow at home.
Soon after your transplant, you should walk as much as you can. Then, depending on your progress, you can start incorporating more physical activity into your daily life.
Walking, bicycling, swimming, low-impact strength training and other physical activities you enjoy can all be a part of a healthy, active lifestyle after transplant. But be sure to check in with your transplant team before starting or changing your post-transplant exercise routine.